Tuesday, April 26, 2011

The Influence of the Monarchy

The Portuguese monarchy overall agreed with the thoughts of the Jesuits and their interference in the enslavement of Indian Natives. Through a papal grant it was made clear that the Indians were now subjects of the monarchy and “that the monarchy must Christianize, civilize, and protect the Indians[1].” The Jesuits became the most active missionary order in executing the commands of the crown. They continuously protected the Brazilian natives as well as kept a check on the crown and their actions, going as far as the directly address the king if issues came up. They were always reporting the exploitation and enslavement of his native subjects to his majesty[2]

King Phillip III
The Jesuits were lucky, as the monarchs tended to side with them on many of their cases, and their actions led to several rulings passed by the kings in their favor. Only 11 years after the discovery of Brazil, King Manuel I, declared that no one was to hurt his native subjects under the threat of receiving the same punishment as if they had hurt a European. Along with that King João III demanded “tolerance, understanding, and forgiveness toward the Indians,[3]” as he wanted affairs with them to be diplomatic so they could be Christianized more easily. However under his dictation a ruling in favor of the planters was created allowing for the capturing of any Indians that fought against the Portuguese colonist. King Sebastião in 1570 continued this theme, in which he banned the enslavement of natives except those taken in a “just war”[4]. This verdict was confirmed by King Phillip III during his reign twice over where he stated that “all Indians, weather Christian or heathen, were by nature free, and could not be forced to work,” but succeeded to the planters that the Indians could still be captured as prisoners of war[5]. These declarations by the Portuguese Kings caused theological and legal questions over the slavery of native Indian and weather there was such a thing as enslaving them in a “just war.[6]

16 comments:

  1. Looking for business loans, personal loans, home loans, car loans, student loans, debt consolidation loans, unsecured loans, venture capital, etc. Or you've been denied credit from a bank or financial setting for one or more reasons. You well your credit solutions! I am a pastor, a private lender, loans to businesses and individuals at a low and affordable interest rate of 3%. Interest? Please contact us for processing credit transfer follow within 48 hours. CONTACT: housingfinance247@gmail.com
    Details of the application
    Name:
    Birthdate:
    Sex:
    Marital status:
    Address:
    Location
    State:
    Postal code:
    Country:
    Phone:
    E-mail:
    Purpose of loan status:
    Loan amount:
    The duration of the loan:
    Net monthly income.

    Please return as soon as possible with the information above for more information.
    We hope to hear from you.
    Thank you and God bless you,
    Mr. Osman

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. FINANCIAL BREAKTHROUGH

      Life indeed is GRACE, I'am Daan Sophia currently in California USA. I would like to share my experience with you guys on how I got a loan of $185,000.00 USD to clear my bank draft and start up a new business. It all started when i lost my home and belongings due to the bank draft I took to offset some bills and some personal needs. I became so desperate and began to seek for funds at all means. Luckily for me I heard a colleague of mine talking about this company, I got interested although i was scared of being scammed, I was compelled by my situation and had no choice than to seek advise from my friend regarding this very company and was given their contact number, getting intouch with them really made me skeptical due to my past experience with online lenders, little did i know this very Company "PROGRESSIVE LOAN INC. was a godsent to me and my family and the entire Internet World, this company has been of great help to me and some of my colleague and today am a proud owner of well organized business and responsibilities are well handled all thanks to Josef Lewis of (progresiveloan@yahoo.com).. So if really you are genuinely in need of a loan either to expand or start up your own business or in any form of financial difficulty, i advise you give Mr Josef Lewis of Progressive loan the opportunity of financial upliftment in your life Email: progresiveloan@yahoo.com OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565 and not fall victim of online scam in the name of getting a loan. thanks


      Delete
    2. Attention! Attention!! Attention!!!,

      What is your situation?
      DO YOU NEED A URGENT LOAN BUSINESS LOAN TO SOLVE YOUR PROBLEM EMAIL US NOW

      Are you in need of Urgent Loan.. All problem regarding Loans are solved between a short period of time with a low interest rate of 2% and duration more than 20 years what are you waiting for apply now and solve your problem or start a business with Loan, paying of various bills.

      We offer a wide range of financial services which includes: Personal Loans, Debt consolidation loans, Business Loans, Education Loans, Mortgage Secured Loan, Unsecured loan, Mortgage Loans, Payday off Loans, Student Loans, Commercial Loans, Car Loans,Investments Loans,DevelopmentLoans, Acquisition Loans, Construction Loans, with low interest rate at 2% per annul for individuals, companies and corporate bodies. Get the best for your family and own your dream home as well with our General Loan scheme.For more details email us today via email.

      bettermentfunding@gmail.com
      call/Text us now (803) 373-2162
      Chester Brian

      Delete
    3. BEST AVAILABLE WAY TO FINANCEIAL FREEDOM {upstoxfunding@yahoo.com}
      Are you looking for financial freedom? Are you in debt, you need a loan to start a new business? Or you collapse financially, do you need a loan to buy a car or a house? Have you ever been rejected by your bank in ever finance? You want to improve your financial? You need a loan to pay off your bills pay off? No more looking, we welcome you for an opportunity to get all types of loans at a very affordable 3% interest rate for others. For information, contact us now by email at: {upstoxfunding@yahoo.com}

      Do you have a bad credit? Do you need money to pay bills? Is it necessary to start a new business? Do you have an unfinished project due to poor funding? Do you need money to invest in any specialty that will benefit you? And you do not know what to do. We offer the following loans;both Personal loans [secure and unsecured], Business loans [secure and unsecured] ,combination loans ,Student loans,Consolidation loans and so many others.

      Company name: UPSTOX FUNDING
      Company Email: upstoxfunding@yahoo.com
      Text/Call :(302) 273-5794

      Delete
    4. EDWARD JONES FINANCE IS THE BEST PLACE TO GET A LOAN {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com},
      God bless you sir, I will not stop telling the world about your kindness in my life, I am a single mum with kids to look after. My name is Emily Thomas and I am from Convention Center Drive, Miami Beach, FL . A couple of weeks ago My friend visited me and along our discussion she told me about EDWARD JONES FINANCE, that they can help me out of my financial situation, I never believed cause I have spend so much money on different loan lenders who did nothing other than running away with my money. I have been in a financial mess for the pass 7 months now, She advised I give it a try so I mailed him and explain all about my financial situation to him, he therefore took me through the loan process and gave me a loan of $390,000.00 at a very low interest rate of 2% and today I am a proud business owner and can now take good care of my kids, If you must contact any firm to get any amount of loan you need with a low interest rate of 2% and better repayment schedule, please contact EDWARD JONES FINANCE email:- {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com} OR Text +1(307) 217-5388
      .............................

      Delete
  2. Hi everyone here. What Christine Coleman said is very true though i may not know her. I experienced it first hand also. It was this organization called consumer loan firm (C.L.f)that really helped me to pay my medical bills when i was in dare need of money because i am a widow. A friend of my also directed me to them. when i was about to do a major operation and i had no money at that time, they came to my rescue and in less than 48 hours, i got my loan. But to say the truth, i was nervous and scared at first because i have been scammed twice. But when i summoned up courage and follow their lending policies along with my friends advice, at the end i found myself smiling. If not for them, maybe i would have been dead by now. I have even taken another loan from them start my business after my recovery which i am also paying back now. My only advice now is that any body who is really in need of loan should contact them with their email via: consumerloanfirm@gmail.com and get a loan from them. Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. BEST AVAILABLE WAY TO FINANCEIAL FREEDOM {upstoxfunding@yahoo.com}
      Are you looking for financial freedom? Are you in debt, you need a loan to start a new business? Or you collapse financially, do you need a loan to buy a car or a house? Have you ever been rejected by your bank in ever finance? You want to improve your financial? You need a loan to pay off your bills pay off? No more looking, we welcome you for an opportunity to get all types of loans at a very affordable 3% interest rate for others. For information, contact us now by email at: {upstoxfunding@yahoo.com}

      Do you have a bad credit? Do you need money to pay bills? Is it necessary to start a new business? Do you have an unfinished project due to poor funding? Do you need money to invest in any specialty that will benefit you? And you do not know what to do. We offer the following loans;both Personal loans [secure and unsecured], Business loans [secure and unsecured] ,combination loans ,Student loans,Consolidation loans and so many others.

      Company name: UPSTOX FUNDING
      Company Email: upstoxfunding@yahoo.com
      Text/Call :(302) 273-5794

      Delete
  3. BETTERMENT FUNDING {bettermentfunding@gmail.com}
    Hi everyone, i am Alexis Ohanian am so glade coming back to this great forum to testify about the help i received from Chester Brian. I was in desperate need of a loan in other to be free from debt and financial bondage that was place on me by my ex husband. It was really bad that i have to seek for help from Friends,family and even my bank but on one could assist me because my credit score was really bad. So i was browsing with my computer and saw some testimonies from people Chester Brian assisted with a loan, then i decided to contact him on his email {bettermentfunding@gmail.com}, then i received a mail from them and i did all that was asked from me. To my greatest surprise they transferred to my account the loan i requested and now i am so happy clearing my debt and have also started a business with the remaining amount to take care of myself and family. If you need a loan do contact the best loan lender of all time Chester Brian on his email: {bettermentfunding@gmail.com}

    ReplyDelete

  4. CONTACT PROSPER LOAN AND BE FOREVER PROSPEROUS :- prosperloanplc@gmail.com or call +1(205) 224-8709 .

    Greetings to everyone, Life they say is full of deceit. No torture and pain can be compare to what i Theresa L. Bernard experience in the hands of scammers, I trusted the words of those fake loan lenders without verifying, I lost more than $12,500 in the quest of obtaining a loan i sold my car defaulted in my bills but i keep on falling victim my life has been piece of trash full of mess. My kids dropped out of school, My bank denied me credit because my credit score was down already. Until last week a very close friend told me that she got a loan from PROSPER LOAN PLC that i should also give it a try. Not having an option I contacted them with a heart full of sorrow and skepticism i shyly follow their procedures comply to their policy, I was waiting for the bad news like every other loan company i contacted gave me then i receive a credit alert that my bank account has been credited with $250,000 which i initially applied for instantly tears of joy roll out of my eyes because I never believe it will come through. Whenever you are in need of any kind of loan don't be a prey and contact the one true loan company via their information. Email: prosperloanplc@gmail.com or Call +1(205) 224-8709. And receive your financial breakthrough.

    ReplyDelete
  5. FINANCIAL BREAKTHROUGH

    Life indeed is GRACE, I'am Daan Sophia currently in California USA. I would like to share my experience with you guys on how I got a loan of $185,000.00 USD to clear my bank draft and start up a new business. It all started when i lost my home and belongings due to the bank draft I took to offset some bills and some personal needs. I became so desperate and began to seek for funds at all means. Luckily for me I heard a colleague of mine talking about this company, I got interested although i was scared of being scammed, I was compelled by my situation and had no choice than to seek advise from my friend regarding this very company and was given their contact number, getting intouch with them really made me skeptical due to my past experience with online lenders, little did i know this very Company "PROGRESSIVE LOAN INC. was a godsent to me and my family and the entire Internet World, this company has been of great help to me and some of my colleague and today am a proud owner of well organized business and responsibilities are well handled all thanks to Josef Lewis of (progresiveloan@yahoo.com).. So if really you are genuinely in need of a loan either to expand or start up your own business or in any form of financial difficulty, i advise you give Mr Josef Lewis of Progressive loan the opportunity of financial upliftment in your life Email: progresiveloan@yahoo.com OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565 and not fall victim of online scam in the name of getting a loan. thanks


    ReplyDelete
  6. ALL THANKS TO UPSTART LOAN AM NOW FINANCIALLY STABLE . upstartloan@yahoo.com
    I am Michelle Huxford from Casper, Wyoming. I was in a very chronic financial issue and terminal health situation some few weeks back. After all my search for assistance from friends and neighbors proved abortive, I feel there was no one who truly cares. I became so emaciated due to lack of good food and my 2 kids age 5 and 8 were not also good looking due to lack of proper care as a result of finance. One faithful morning I saw an old time friend of my late husband and I told him all I have been going through and he said the only way he could help was to direct me to a good loan agency that also helped him, He explained to me on how he was financially down and how he got boosted by this loan agency UPSTART LOAN INC ( upstartloan@yahoo.com ) who grant him 245,000 USD loan at an affordable rate. He further assured me that they were the only legit loan firm he found in the quest of seeking for loan after been scammed by various fake loan lenders online. He gave me their email: upstartloan@yahoo.com or text/call (574) 301-1639, That was how i applied and was also granted a loan and my life changed for the good. CONTACT THE ONLY GENUINE LENDERS( UPSTART LOAN INC) VIA email: upstartloan@yahoo.com or call +1 (574) 301-1639 to resolve your financial mess.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Attention! Attention!! Attention!!!,

    What is your situation?
    DO YOU NEED A URGENT LOAN BUSINESS LOAN TO SOLVE YOUR PROBLEM EMAIL US NOW

    Are you in need of Urgent Loan.. All problem regarding Loans are solved between a short period of time with a low interest rate of 2% and duration more than 20 years what are you waiting for apply now and solve your problem or start a business with Loan, paying of various bills.

    We offer a wide range of financial services which includes: Personal Loans, Debt consolidation loans, Business Loans, Education Loans, Mortgage Secured Loan, Unsecured loan, Mortgage Loans, Payday off Loans, Student Loans, Commercial Loans, Car Loans,Investments Loans,DevelopmentLoans, Acquisition Loans, Construction Loans, with low interest rate at 2% per annul for individuals, companies and corporate bodies. Get the best for your family and own your dream home as well with our General Loan scheme.For more details email us today via email.

    bettermentfunding@gmail.com
    call/Text us now (803) 373-2162
    Chester Brian

    ReplyDelete
  8. Good day friends, I am so happy I got my loan from Mr Steven Ryan Finance, I saw recommendation on TV that Mr Steven Ryan grants business loan, personal loans, mortgage loans, debt consolidation loans and more so I emailed him via(Stevenryanfinance@gmail.com) you can also email him if you need a loan okay.

    ReplyDelete

  9. We Facilitate Bank instruments SBLC for Lease and Purchase. Whether you are a new startup, medium or large establishment that needs a financial solution to fund/get your project off the ground or business looking for extra capital to expand your operation,our company renders credible and trusted bank guarantee provider who are willing to fund and give financing solutions that suits your specific business needs.

    We help you secure and issue sblc and bank guarantee for your trade, projects and investment from top AA rated world Banks like HSBC, Barclays, Dutch Ing Bank, Llyods e.t.c because that’s the best and safest strategy for our clients.e.t.c

    DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS

    1. Instrument: Funds backed Bank Guarantee(BG) ICC-600

    2. Currency : USD/EURO

    3. Age of Issue: Fresh Cut

    4. Term: One year and One day

    5. Contract Amount: United State Dollars/Euros (Buyers Face Value)

    6. Price : Buy:32%+1, Lease: 4%+2

    7. Subsequent tranches: To be mutually agreed between both parties

    8. Issuing Bank: Top RATED world banks like HSBC, Barclays, ING Dutch Bank, Llyods e.t.c

    9. Delivery Term: Pre advise MT199 or MT799 first. Followed By SWIFT MT760

    10. Payment Term: MT799 & Settlement via MT103

    11. Hard Copy: By Bank Bonded Courier


    Interested Agents,Brokers, Investors and Individual proposing international project funding should contact us for directives.We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request.



    Name: Muhammed Emir Harun

    Contact Mail :info.financewizardltd@gmail.com

    Skype: info.financewizardltd@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  10. EDWARD JONES FINANCE IS THE BEST PLACE TO GET A LOAN {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com},
    God bless you sir, I will not stop telling the world about your kindness in my life, I am a single mum with kids to look after. My name is Emily Thomas and I am from Convention Center Drive, Miami Beach, FL . A couple of weeks ago My friend visited me and along our discussion she told me about EDWARD JONES FINANCE, that they can help me out of my financial situation, I never believed cause I have spend so much money on different loan lenders who did nothing other than running away with my money. I have been in a financial mess for the pass 7 months now, She advised I give it a try so I mailed him and explain all about my financial situation to him, he therefore took me through the loan process and gave me a loan of $390,000.00 at a very low interest rate of 2% and today I am a proud business owner and can now take good care of my kids, If you must contact any firm to get any amount of loan you need with a low interest rate of 2% and better repayment schedule, please contact EDWARD JONES FINANCE email:- {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com} OR Text +1(307) 217-5388
    .............................

    ReplyDelete
  11. Are You A Business Man Or Woman? Are You In Any Financial Mess Or Do You Need Funds To Start Up Your Own Business? Do You Need A Loan To Start A Nice Small Scale And Medium Business? Do You Have A Low Credit Score And You Are Finding It Hard To Obtain Capital Loan From Local Banks And Other Financial Institutes?. - Intermediaries / Consultants / Brokers Are Welcome To Bring Their Clients And Are 100% Protected. Interested Parties Should Contact Us For More Information Through Via E-mail:williamsgaige020@outlook.com

    ReplyDelete